Main menu

Juan Gris


José Victoriano González-Pérez (March 23, 1887 – May 11, 1927), better known as Juan Gris, was a Spanish painter and sculptor who lived and worked in France most of his life. His works are closely connected to the emergence of an innovative artistic genre—Cubism.

Born in Madrid, Gris studied mechanical drawing at the Escuela de Artes y Manufacturas in Madrid from 1902 to 1904, during which time he contributed drawings to local periodicals. From 1904 to 1905 he studied painting with the academic artist José Maria Carbonero.

In 1906 he moved to Paris and became friends with Henri Matisse, Georges Braque, Fernand Léger, and in 1915 was painted by his friend, Amedeo Modigliani. In Paris, Gris followed the lead of another friend and fellow countryman, Pablo Picasso. His portrait of Picasso in 1912 is a significant early Cubist painting done by a painter other than Picasso or Georges Braque. (Although he regarded Picasso as a teacher, Gertrude Stein acknowledged that Gris "was the one person that Picasso would have willingly wiped off the map.")

Although he submitted darkly humorous illustrations to journals such as Le Rire, L'assiette au beurre, Le Charivari, and Le Cri de Paris, Gris began to paint seriously in 1910. By 1912 he had developed a personal Cubist style.

Open an article about Juan Gris

gris_violin-glass.jpg gris_pears-grapes.jpg teacups.jpg gris_violin-engraving.jpg gris_geraniums.jpg gris_banyuls-2.jpg oil-lamp.jpg gris_musician-table.jpg gris_guitar-music-paper.jpg gris_landscape-ceret.jpg gris_ink-bottle.jpg gris_woman-basket.jpg gris_table.jpg gris_glass-lemon.jpg gris_guitar-clarinet.jpg gris_violin-checker.jpg Juan_Gris_002.jpg gris_guitar-1914.jpg gris_lavabo.jpg gris_breakfast-1914.jpg gris_man-cafe.jpg gris_banyuls.jpg lamps.jpg Juan_Gris_003.jpg no-neck.jpg gris_water-bottle-fruitdish.jpg guitar-1913.jpg gris_breakfast-1915.jpg gris_sl-mandolin.jpg gris_canigou.jpg gris_harlequin-guitar.jpg gris_fantomas.jpg gris_sl-chair.jpg gris_sl-ravignan.jpg gris_picasso.jpg siphon.jpg Juan_Gris_001.jpg gris_violin.jpg gris_guitar-table.jpg Juan_Gris_004.jpg cafephil.jpg flowers.jpg gris_beer-cards.jpg fruitdish-carafe.jpg guitar18.jpg gris_sl.jpg chair13.jpg gris_checked-tablecloth.jpg gris_open-window.jpg gris_houses-ceret.jpg gris_violin-guitar.jpg gris_josette.jpg gris_painter-window.jpg

About  |  Terms of use  |  Privacy policy  |  Contact us