Main menu

Thomas Gainsborough

Slideshow

Thomas Gainsborough (christened 14 May 1727 – 2 August 1788) was one of the most famous portrait and landscape painters of 18th century Britain.

Gainsborough was born in Sudbury, Suffolk, England. His father was a weaver involved with the wool trade. At the age of thirteen he impressed his father with his pencilling skills so that he let him go to London to study art in 1740. In London he first trained under engraver Hubert Gravelot but eventually became associated with William Hogarth and his school. One of his mentors was Francis Hayman. In those years he contributed to the decoration of what is now the Thomas Coram Foundation for Children and the supper boxes at Vauxhall Gardens.

In the 1740s, Gainsborough married Margaret Burr, an illegitimate daughter of the Duke of Beaufort, who settled a £200 annuity on the couple. The artist's work, then mainly composed of landscape paintings, was not selling very well. He returned to Sudbury in 1748–1749 and concentrated on the painting of portraits.

In 1752, he and his family, now including two daughters, moved to Ipswich. Commissions for personal portraits increased, but his clientele included mainly local merchants and squires. He had to borrow against his wife's annuity.


Open an article about Thomas Gainsborough

Thomas_Gainsborough_020.jpg Thomas_Gainsborough_012.jpg Thomas_Gainsborough_014.jpg Thomas_Gainsborough_010.jpg Thomas_Gainsborough_005.jpg Thomas-Gainsborough--Umelcovy-dcery-Margaret-a-Mary-drzici-kocku.jpg Thomas-Gainsborough--John,-10_-vikomt-z-Kilmorey.jpg Thomas_Gainsborough_021.jpg Thomas_Gainsborough_003.jpg Thomas_Gainsborough_004.jpg Thomas-Gainsborough--Manzele-Byamovi-a-jejich-nejstarsi-dcera-Selina.jpg Thomas-Gainsborough--Chlapci-zapasici-se-psy.jpg Thomas_Gainsborough_016.jpg Thomas-Gainsborough--Tri-starsi-princezny-Augusta,-Charlotta-a-Elisabeth.jpg Thomas_Gainsborough_007.jpg Thomas_Gainsborough_013.jpg Thomas-Gainsborough--Ranni-prochazka-aneb-William-Hallett-se-svou-choti-Elisabeth.jpg Thomas-Gainsborough--Robert-Andrews-a-jeho-chot-Frances.jpg Thomas_Gainsborough_001.jpg Thomas-Gainsborough--Tri-starsi-princezny-Augusta-Charlotta-a-Elisabeth.jpg Thomas-Gainsborough--Krajina-pro-Gainsboroughovu-laternu-magiku.jpg Thomas_Gainsborough_011.jpg Thomas-Gainsborough--John-10_-vikomt-z-Kilmorey.jpg Thomas-Gainsborough--Venkovske-devcatko-se-psem-a-dzbanem.jpg Thomas_Gainsborough_018.jpg Thomas-Gainsborough--Gainsboroughovy-dcery-Margaret-a-Mary-pronasledujici-motyla.jpg Thomas_Gainsborough_015.jpg Thomas-Gainsborough--Sofie-Charlotta,-lady-Sheffieldova.jpg Thomas-Gainsborough--Deti-hrajici-si-pred-chalupou.jpg Thomas-Gainsborough--John-Plampin.jpg Thomas_Gainsborough_002.jpg Thomas_Gainsborough_006.jpg Thomas-Gainsborough--Vlastni-podobizna.jpg Thomas-Gainsborough--Diana-a-Akteon.jpg Thomas-Gainsborough--Herecka-Sarah-Siddonsova.jpg Thomas_Gainsborough_025.jpg Thomas_Gainsborough_024.jpg Thomas_Gainsborough_019.jpg Thomas_Gainsborough_017.jpg Thomas_Gainsborough_008.jpg Thomas-Gainsborough--Vlastni-podobizna-umelce-s-choti-Margaret.jpg Thomas-Gainsborough--Sofie-Charlotta-lady-Sheffieldova.jpg Thomas_Gainsborough_022.jpg Thomas_Gainsborough_023.jpg Thomas_Gainsborough_009.jpg Thomas-Gainsborough--Les-v-Cornardu-aneb-Gainsboroughuv-les.jpg

About  |  Terms of use  |  Privacy policy  |  Contact us